Corporate Law Developments in India 2024


India’s corporate legal landscape is dynamic and ever-evolving. In 2024, several significant developments are shaping the way businesses operate, comply with regulations, and handle disputes. In this article, we’ll explore key trends and changes in corporate law that impact companies, shareholders, and legal professionals.

1. Proctor v Proctor: Resigning Partners’ Rights

In a landmark decision, the Indian Supreme Court addressed the rights of resigning partners in Proctor v Proctor. The case involved a partner who resigned from a partnership firm and sought payment for their share of partnership assets. The court held that even if the partnership agreement did not explicitly address this scenario, the resigning partner was entitled to be paid their share of the value of partnership assets. This ruling has significant implications for partnership agreements and exit strategies.

2. Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs) and Transparency

The Indian government has taken steps to curb the misuse of non-disclosure agreements (NDAs). Companies often use NDAs to protect sensitive information, but there have been instances of abuse. In 2024, new guidelines emphasize transparency and fairness in NDA enforcement. Legal professionals must advise clients on drafting robust yet ethical NDAs that balance confidentiality with accountability.

3. Payment Practices and Supply Chain Regulations

India’s payment practices regime has undergone changes to promote timely payments and fair business practices. Legal experts play a crucial role in advising companies on compliance with payment terms and handling disputes arising from delayed payments. Additionally, supply chain disruptions due to global events (such as the pandemic and geopolitical tensions) have legal implications. Companies need to navigate contractual obligations, force majeure clauses, and risk management strategies.

4. Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) Compliance

ESG considerations are gaining prominence in corporate decision-making. Investors, regulators, and consumers expect companies to demonstrate commitment to environmental sustainability, social responsibility, and good governance. Legal professionals advise on ESG reporting, compliance, and risk mitigation. Companies that align with ESG principles are better positioned for long-term success.

5. Technology and Data Privacy

Emerging technologies (such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, and IoT) continue to disrupt traditional business models. Legal challenges related to data privacy, cybersecurity, and intellectual property rights are prevalent. Companies must navigate data protection laws, consent mechanisms, and cross-border data transfers. Legal experts play a vital role in ensuring compliance and managing risks.


As India’s corporate sector adapts to changing legal norms, legal professionals must stay informed and agile. Whether it’s addressing partnership disputes, drafting ethical NDAs, or advising on ESG compliance, lawyers play a critical role in shaping the business landscape. The developments in 2024 set the stage for a more transparent, responsible, and innovative corporate environment.

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