NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2020: TRANSFORMING EDUCATION IN INDIA AND HEALTH CHALLENGES

AUTHORED BY -  KARTIKEY GAUR, a 4th-year law student from Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi and currently he is pursuing B.B.A LL.B  & TANUSHRI SHARMA, 4th-year law student from Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, GGSIPU and she is currently pursuing B.A.LL.B.

ABSTRACT

This article will focus on National Education Policy (NEP 2020) and its impact on Higher Education in particular. The focus on having more disciplinary colleges in each region by 2030 is a promising idea. We will revitalize international focus on the arts, people, and the diverse education system to ensure that our students have good skills in future careers. Looking back on these programs, we will find that these were started in phases from 2014 but with the sole purpose of developing entrepreneurship over jobs. The current Covid19 crisis has demonstrated the legitimacy and need of such a confident community and also aims to redirect an unemployed youth to get a job through a process based on the skills they use. It aims to build India as a place of knowledge that attracts foreign nationals and to promote research cooperation and student exchanges between Indian institutions and international institutions through organized efforts. Taking a step forward, the NEP emphasizes the need to come up with an education system that makes India address its key challenges, including health.

INTRODUCTION

The highlight of NEP 2020[1] is the proposal to set up the Indian Higher Education Commission (HECI), which is a single body for higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI has four independent verticals - the National Council for Higher Education (NHERC), the General Education Council (GEC) for generalization, the Council for Higher Education Funders (HEGC) for funding, and the National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation. In the world, to be united in the level of education, the single body was always the requirement.

The second set of proposals is to introduce one university entrance exams conducted by the National Testing Agency. Previously, in order to gain admission to various universities, a student had to go through a series of examinations and a difficult level of question papers at many central universities. If this system is used by the student can save them from the burden of many. At the same time, the level of the question paper will be standardized, error-free as the NTA conducts, and the admission process will be adjusted.

 The policy also allows universities to establish off shore campuses and many foreign universities can now set up institutions in India. It will lead to competition, the flow of talent, and important practices from abroad to India, which will ultimately lead to a much better improvement in local education standards. It will also provide real exposure to children, and perhaps there will come a day when students will be able to access international education in India, instead of spending lakhs in another country.

With this policy, The Gross Registration Level across the country and the many options for entry and exit at the lowest level of the proposed ones.

The proposed policies will change the face of the Indian education system in the years to come, but that will depend on how they are developed and implemented.

SELF SUSTAINING INDIA[2]

The first goal of the NEP is to implement robust solutions to its problems associated with the various programs of the Government of India - Make in India, skill India, start-up India, and the latest Atma-Nirbhar India.

If we look at sections 3, 4, and 7 of School Education and 10.8 article of the NEP text, skills education is given priority in school and higher education. It should be integrated at the school level from preschool to grade 12 and aims to equip each student with one vocational skill. Continuing with Higher Education, it aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio[3] in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035.

National committee for the Integration of Vocational Education (NCIVE) will be formed to set framework.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

The UN has identified 17 goals of sustainable development[4] and the SDG4[5] as education primarily as a well-defined tool in 195. Article 7.12 on building Samajik Chetna Kendra, which will include community activities and provide a more cohesive environment in schools.

Sections 10.3, and 10.6 of the NEP, address the most important responsibilities of Higher Education Institutions in public participation, school system support and value-based education and environmental education. Holistic personal development aims the use of appropriate education which includes schooling to higher education and is not limited to restrictions on certain subjects but extends to climate, culture, heritage and environmental awareness. It is also compared to Global Citizenship Education (GCED), for understanding of global challenges and solutions. To prepare students to think and embrace a healthy lifestyle from a higher level of education.

EDUCATION AS AN INCENTIVE ECONOMY

Section 17 of the NEP emphasizes the economy of knowledge about promoting cultural values, raising GER in higher education and aspiring more young people to pursue higher education, the creation of a large number of talented and skill youth aspiring to build a nation and develop the country's economy, technological solutions. A GDP of 6% will be invested to achieve these goals. Emphasizing academic studies and financial support, incubation canters strengthen the drive to grow the economy and social development through businesses.

INTERNATIONALISATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION

It aims to build India as a place of knowledge that attracts foreigners and to promote research cooperation and student exchanges between Indian and international institutions through organized efforts. This is an important transformation that should benefit in seamless education and industrial jobs across the globe.

It will also improve foreign trade relations not only through education but also in support services and other fields and as graduates will become better acquainted with Indian culture, socio-economic diversity, trade rules, industrial power and much more.

DIGITAL CLASSES

India's digital initiative[6] and the current epidemic has been the catalyst behind the need for the construction and development of digital libraries, content, technology and classrooms, online teaching and multilingual education at NEP 2020.

Sections 23 and 24 provide information integration technology through a dedicated unit for planning and enhancing digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building of technology centres to address the e-educational needs of both schools and higher education and make India digital empowered by society and knowledge economy. The biggest challenge here is to find that internet connectivity, technology devices and infrastructure need to be developed and implemented.

The regulatory body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), is proposed to provide a platform for decision-making on the importation, deployment, and use of technology.

ACCREDITATION SYSTEM

The new accreditation system for basic campus and online distance learning (ODL), the infrastructure of high-level institutions that provide institutions for universities, faculty training, and institutions defines NEP2020 in 21st century India. The integration process should be stopped and taught and researched performing two major functions in the institution. Authorization should be able to set standards for infrastructure quality, intelligence, technology, GER[7], research facilities.

EQUIP TEACHERS WITH STATE OF ART AND TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION SYSTEM

Many efforts are being made directly by teacher training in a high school. Further training in digital technology with the help of national organizations and institutions in each region. The main development is the introduction of B.Ed. education courses and a certified pedagogy course during the Ph.D. enrolment of aspirants. A good research student may not be a good teacher. They need to be taught the right way and the tools to pass on information which is why this is a promising step.

However, the inclusion will have its challenges in terms of finances, the best in class resources and the greatest disability. A major sector is regular testing that is included under the current NEP 2020. There is no clear way to remove direct learning and pressure from the test of knowledge used and to practice the practice of non-fiction. We should support the policy and continue to provide feedback on the additional level of improvement and the assessment marks required to prevent inefficiencies of any kind.

DEALING WITH HEALTH CHALLENGES

This will require advanced studies in science, social and human sciences, graduate research, and other advances in the education system. India should also focus on marginalized areas, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and genomic studies. These lessons can be valuable applications in sensitive areas, including health.

While providing a child with a healthy environment may include other factors, NEP is taking a step towards integrating education and health to enable children to learn and grow as healthy people.

CONCLUSION

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 is a big revolution replacing the 34-year-old policy idea and envisioning to bring about the much-needed modification in the Indian Education System. The Policy has maintained a delicate balance between the traditions and the interdisciplinary approach, which is the need of the 21st century. NEP has the potential to revamp the skills of the youth of our country and has all the right tools that are needed to be competitive at the global level. Needless to say, the New Education Policy is undoubtedly a progressive and ambitious policy that India is waiting for.


[2] Right to education Act, 2009

[3] Total enrolment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of. the eligible official primary school-age population. in a given school-year.

[5] sustainable development goal 4

[7] Gross enrolment ratio.

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